Zadoc Long's Journal, 1842
Source: Alfred Cole and Charles F. Whitman, A History of Buckfield, Oxford County, Maine. (Buckfield, Me.: [s.n.], 1915). Notes in parentheses are Cole and Whitman's.
[p. 488]1842.Feb. 22—Anniversary of the birth of General Washington celebrated here by the Washingtonian Temperance Society in a manner highly gratifying to the friends of true liberty, sobriety and good order, notwithstanding the bad state of the traveling more than 1000 people were assembled before 11 a.m. A procession under an elegant flag with the portrait of Washington painted on each side, while a martial band played a spirited air, marched from the village to Union Chapel, which was filled to overflowing aisle, entry and gallery with double rows in each pew. The banner was placed in a conspicuous part of the house and the exercises proceeded as follows: Song of jubilee by Buckfield Village Choir; prayer by Rev. George Thomes; voluntary by the choir; oration by Rev. C. C. Burr of Portland; Temperance Hymn by the choir; poem by Benj. Murray. The exercises concluded with appropriate music.
Mar. 1—Pleasant and sunny. Very little snow but abundant rain this winter. The stage to Portland has run on wheels almost all the time.
Mar. 20—Very pleasant and spring-like. The robins singing.
Mar. 27—Snow fell 9 or 10 inches yesterday so that it is good sleighing.
Apr. 7—Fast Day. Some snow on the hills. The times throughout the country were never so hard. The Bankrupt Law is in operation and people everywhere are taking advantage of it. Debts are uncertain. We cannot have much confidence in people who have done and are still doing business on credit. One thing is certain people en masse must be more industrious and economical or they will not see an end of this present wicked state of things.
Apr. 22—The fields in many places look green. People plowing and sowing. To-day the weather is warm as June. At night was the warmest I ever experienced at this time of year. The thermometer stood at 92 degs. above zero.
May 9—Bro. Washington dissolved his connection with the store. Mr. Loring and Jewett continue in partnership.
May 29—The apple trees in blossom.
July 4—Very warm. A party celebration in this village.
July 13—Warm and clear. Thermometer 104 degrees.
Aug. 18—Rode for the first time in the steam cars from Portland to Kennebunk, 25 miles in one hour—among the first passengers that have passed over the railway from Saco to Kennebunk. Dined at Dover, N.H. Arrived at Boston half past 6 p.m. in the cars, 2½ hours going 66 miles. Stopped at the American House, Hanover St.
Sept. 22—Frost last night and night before—the first we have had. Dr. Comstock here. Sold his farm to Dr. Coolidge.
Sept. 23—Mr. Pearl has resigned the superintendency of the High School. Mr. Atkinson takes his place.[p. 489]Oct. 9—Cool. Cattle Show at Norway. Hard Times. Good crops of corn.
Nov. 14—People preparing for Thanksgiving. Money very scarce. Provisions of all kinds very low plenteous. Flour, $4.50; corn, 67c; wheat, $1.00; rye, 67c; oats, 30c; beef, 2½ to 3 cts.; cows from $10 to $15; oxen from $50 to $60; wool, 25c; molasses, 25c; sheeting, 8c.
Dec. 2—People breaking roads. I should judge there have been 50 yoke of oxen in the village to-day.
Dec. 3—Winter, winter—storm after storm. Snow upon snow.
Dec. 17—Fine weather and very good sleighing.