Waterford, Oxford County, Maine
Granted Feb. 24, 1774, in lieu of a previous grant made in 1735 to veterans of the Canadian Expedition of 1690 and their heirs, which grant was found to lie in New Hampshire (at Toddstown, now Henniker).
Surveyed twice in 1774, the second time by Jabez Brown and Colonel Joseph Frye. One of these plans, drawn May 1774, is found in the state archives, but not attributed [Land Office Plans, 25:80]. A plan was drawn Dec. 29, 1795, by Nathaniel Chamberlain [Land Office Plans, 21:24].
Settled in 1775 by David McWain.
First organized as Waterford Plantation, prior to 1790.
A petition submitted in 1796 asked that Waterford County be formed from parts of York and Cumberland Counties, and that Waterford Plantation be made the shire-town.
Incorporated Mar. 2, 1797. The first petition for incorporation was dated Dec. 19, 1795, and requested that the three eastern tiers of lots ("Waterford Three Tiers") be excluded from the town when incorporated. A second petition, dated Apr. 22, 1796, opposed the first insofar as it excluded the three tiers. A remonstrance, dated Oct. 27, 1796, was sent, along with a third petition signed by "inhabitants of the plantation of Waterford in the county of Cumberland," most of whom lived in the disputed territory. The original petitioners responded with a memorial arguing that the contemplated town be bounded as first described: without the easternmost tiers. The three tiers were left off from Waterford, and were included in Norway when that town was incorporated.
A petition submitted in 1799 requested that Waterford be set off entirely from York County and annexed to Cumberland County.
Land annexed from Albany, Feb. 18, 1811.
Villages and locations: Bisbeetown, East Waterford, North Waterford, South Waterford, Waterford Flat. The north part of town was once called "Rowley".
Neighboring towns and townships: Albany Township, Norway, Sweden, Lovell, Stoneham, and Harrison and Bridgton (both in Cumberland County).
Gage, Thomas Hovey, Jr., editor, Notes on the History of Waterford, Maine [Ancestry.com] (Worcester, Mass.: unknown, 1913).
Mitchell, Harry Edward, and B. V. Davis, compilers, 1906 Town Register: Greenwood, Albany, Waterford, and East Stoneham. (Brunswick, Me.: H. E. Mitchell Co., 1906).
Warren, Henry P., Rev. William Warren, and Samuel Warren, The History of Waterford, Oxford County, Maine (Portland Me.: Hoyt, Fogg & Donham, 1879).
Vital records, 1798-1862 (FHL US/CAN Film 12625): "Contains family records listing births and deaths, intentions of marriage 1798-1859, marriages 1798-1861, deaths 1799-1862."
South Waterford Methodist Episcopal Church Records, 1764-1871 — Information on a collection held by Pitts Theological Library at Emory University.
1906 Town Register: Waterford, Albany, Greenwood, and East Stoneham — Requires the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.
History of Waterford — From Varney's Gazetteer of the State of Maine.